Best Monuments In The Philippines

Monuments in the Philippines

Monuments in the Philippines are important sites that physically represent an important historical event. Every monument is unique as it comes in different appearances, matching what it should signify. They don’t just represent a significant part of the country’s history. These monuments also commemorate important events that shape the country’s culture and beliefs.

9 Monuments In The Philippines Visitors Should Check Out

Every monument serves as a tangible reminder of the country’s most significant history and people. These monuments give the people an irrefutable connection to the past and an understanding of the country’s values and beliefs Additionally, these monuments also reflect the designer’s artistry and creativity, making them intriguing to see. Here are ten historical monuments in the Philippines you should consider checking during your trip.

Lapu-Lapu Monument

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The Lapu-Lapu Monument, alternatively known as the Lapu-Lapu Shrine, is a popular local monument in its namesake city in the province of Cebu. This monument commemorates the first Filipino hero’s life and his significant role in the Battle of Mactan. Lapu-Lapu is remembered as a hero who resisted Spanish colonization and defeated Ferdinand Magellan.

Located in a memorial park on Mactan Island, the monument consists of a 20-meter-tall bronze statue erected on a white stone foundation. 

The Magellan Monument


The Magellan Monument, also known as the Magellan Shrine, is another historical monument that is located on Mactan Island, Cebu Province. This monument signifies the site where, according to history, the Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan was killed during the Battle of Mactan.

Magellan was considered a major contributor who successfully introduced Catholicism in the Philippines and converted them. The monument also serves as a shrine to honor his legacy as a great explorer.

Sultan Kudarat Monument


This monument was created by Jose M. in 1973 to honor Sultan Kudarat, the sultan of Mindanao, during the first half of the 17th century. He is responsible for uniting the Muslims of different regions to resist and face the Spanish Invasion. 

Sultan Kudarat was known to be a powerful but benevolent leader who defended both the Islamic faith and Philippine liberty. The monument consisted of a bronze statue standing atop a marble-made platform with a black and gold inscription telling the sultan’s story, history, and recognition.

See also: Best Places To Visit In Mindanao

The McArthur Landing Site (Leyte Landing Monument)


The Leyte Landing Monument is an entire park that commemorates the very site where General Douglas MacArthur made his arrival in Leyte Gulf. His historical arrival started the campaign of recapturing and liberating the Philippines from the Japanese.

The monument features four bronze statues erected on a pool, reflecting exactly how MacArthur made his return during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. In recognition of its role in remembering an important piece of Philippine history, the MacArthur Landing Site was designated a National Historical Landmark in 2004. The monument is also one of the top tourist attractions in Leyte.

People Power Monument


The People Power Monument is one of the most captivating monuments in the Philippines, a physical reminder of the 1986 People Power Revolution. Located in Quezon City, this monument is set atop an elevated position and boasts a pyramidal design. Additionally, every detail of the monument represents freedom as a whole. 

The tiers display a series of statues that represent Filipinos from different social classes. The first tier consists of men and women with arms linked together. The second tier represents various people of different social classes who joined the protest. Lastly, the top tier is that of a tall female figure, representing the “motherland.”

The Spirit of Pinaglabanan Monument


Also known as the Pinaglabanan Memorial Shrine, the Spirit of Pinaglabanan Monument commemorates the 1896 Battle of Pinaglabanan. The monument also commemorates the heroism of the Katipuneros and their goal of fighting the Spanish Empire.

The monument is recognized by the statue’s jagged and angular shape, which differs from the more realistic and accurate appeal other monuments boast. This contributes to its dynamic appearance and strengthens its symbolism of the triumphant spirit against colonial power despite the hardships. 

Memorare Manila Monument


The Memorare Manila 1945 Monument stands at the center of Intramuros and honors those who have died during the liberation of Manila against imperial Japanese troops. 

The monument features a figure of a hooded woman slumped to the ground, cradling a lifeless child in her arms with six suffering figures surrounding her. The figures in this monument provide a glimpse of the despair and grief that was brought about by the gruesome events inflicted by Japanese invaders. The inscription provides a dedication to these lost victims.

See also: A Look At Every Tourist Spot In Intramuros

Bonifacio Monument


The Andrés Bonifacio Monument, commonly known by many as the Bonifacio Monument, is one of the most widely recognized historical monuments in the Philippines. The monument is erected to commemorate revolutionary and patriot Andrés Bonifacio, the founder of the Katipunan. 

The monument has an obelisk that rises to 14 meters tall and is decorated with numerous symbolic motifs. The bronze figures at the monument’s base represent the Philippine people, and the Katipunan flag stands behind the central figure. 

Rizal Monument

The Rizal Monument, located in Rizal Park, is the other of the two most recognizable monuments in the Philippines. This memorial monument was built to honor the life and presence of Dr. José Rizal.

The monument features a bronze sculpture of Rizal standing beside an obelisk atop a stone base. The foundation also houses his remains, holding his most famous novels, “El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere.” Today, the Rizal Monument serves as a national heritage and celebrates his valiant act that contributed to the lasting years of Philippine independence.

Closing Thoughts

All monuments in the Philippines are built to honor and remember an important piece of history or the lives of people who have changed the country as a whole. Much like art, they are built differently to stand out among people and make them even more memorable, effectively delivering the story of the history they intend to convey. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The Philippines houses a wide array of monuments and shrines, each with a different piece of history to remember. Here are some common inquiries made by visitors regarding these monuments.

Is a monument considered a form of art in the Philippines?

While a sculpture is considered to be a piece of art, a monument is defined to be different for holding a significant dedication to an event or figure.

What is the national monument of the Philippines?

The Rizal Monument is globally recognized as an important national heritage for Filipinos in honoring Jose Rizal. This leads to this site becoming a national icon in the country.

What is the purpose of the monuments?

A monument is a memorial built to honor and remember an important piece of local history, specifically important events that occurred where they are situated. 

Related: Top 5 Historical Churches in the Philippines that Stand the Test of Time

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